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June 25, 2017

Vaccine Preventable Diseases

Learn About Serious Diseases that Can Be Prevented by Vaccines:

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What it is
Chickenpox is a disease caused by the varicella zoster virus.

How it can affect you
Chickenpox causes an itchy rash with blisters, tiredness, headache and fever. Chickenpox is usually mild, but it can lead to severe skin infections, pneumonia, encephalitis (brain swelling), or even death.

Vaccine for Protection
Varicella

Click HERE to access the CDC Varicella (Chickenpox) Immunization page for more information.
What it is
Diphtheria is a very contagious bacterial disease that affects the respiratory system, including the lungs.

How it can affect you
Diphtheria produces a toxin (poison) in the body that can cause weakness, sore throat, low-grade fever, and swollen glands in the neck. Effects from this toxin can also lead to swelling of the heart muscle and, in some cases, heart failure. In severe cases, the illness can cause coma, paralysis, and even death.

Vaccine for Protection
Tdap, Td

Click HERE to access the CDC Diphtheria Immunization page for more information.
What it is
Influenza is a contagious viral infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. Older adults and those with certain health conditions are at high risk for serious complications.

How it can affect you
Influenza virus can cause a sudden high fever, chills, a dry cough, headache, runny nose, sore throat, and muscle and joint pain. Extreme fatigue can last from several days to weeks. Influenza may lead to hospitalization or even death.

Vaccine for Protection
Annual Flu

Click HERE to access the CDC Seasonal Influenza (Flu) Immunization page for more information.
What it is
Hepatitis A is an infection in the liver caused by hepatitis A virus. This disease is often spread through contaminated food.

How it can affect you
Hepatitis A can cause fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). An infected person may have no symptoms, may have mild illness for a week or two, or may have severe illness for several months that requires hospitalization.

Vaccine for Protection
Hepatitis A

Click HERE to access the CDC Hepatitis A Immunization page for more information.
What it is
Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver caused by hepatitis B virus. This is a blood-borne disease and can be very serious.

How it can affect you
Hepatitis B causes a flu-like illness with loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, rashes, joint pain, and jaundice. The virus stays in the liver of some people for the rest of their lives and can result in severe liver diseases, including fatal cancer.

Vaccine for Protection

Adults who are at risk for hepatitis B infection, such as healthcare workers, and adults who have certain chronic health conditions like diabetes, renal disease, chronic liver disease, or HIV infection and adults who are at risk of sexually transmitted infections, should get three doses of HepB vaccine.

Click HERE to access the CDC Hepatitis B Immunization page for more information.
What it is
Human papillomavirus is a common virus, especially among people in their teens and early 20s. Many people don’t know they have this for years until cancer appears.

How it can affect you
HPV is the major cause of cervical cancer in women, as well as anal cancer and genital warts in both women and men. Some types of HPV can cause cancers of the penis, anus, or oropharynx (back of the throat, including base of the tongue and tonsils).

Vaccine for Protection
HPV

Click HERE to access the CDC HPV Immunization page for more information.

What it is
Measles is respiratory disease caused by a very contagious virus. More and more cases are coming into the US, usually from international travelers.

How it can affect you
Measles can cause persistent fever, rash lasting up to a week, and coughing that can last about 10 days. Measles can also cause pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, or death.

Vaccine for Protection
MMR

Click HERE to access the CDC Measles Immunization page for more information.

What it is
Meningococcal disease is caused by bacteria and is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis (infection around the brain and spinal cord).


How it can affect you
Meningococcal disease can cause nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, confusion and sleepiness. Meningococcal disease also causes blood infections. About one out of every ten people who get the disease dies from it. Survivors of meningococcal disease may lose their arms or legs, become deaf, have problems with their nervous systems, become developmentally disabled, or suffer seizures or strokes.

Vaccines for Protection
MenACWY, MenB

Click HERE to access the CDC Meningococcal Immunization page for more information.

What it is
Mumps is an infectious disease caused by the mumps virus.

How it can affect you
The mumps virus causes fever, headaches, painful swelling of the salivary glands under the jaw, fever, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite. Severe complications can include meningitis (infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), permanent hearing loss, or swelling of the testes, which can lead to sterility in men in rare cases.

Vaccine for Protection

MMR

Click HERE to access the CDC Mumps Immunization page for more information.

What it is
Pneumococcal disease is an illness caused by bacteria.

How it can affect you
When pneumococcal bacteria spread from the nose and throat to ears or sinuses, it generally causes mild infections. When the bacteria spread into other parts of the body, it leads to severe health problems, such as infections of the lungs (pneumonia), bloodstream (bacteremia), and the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). In some cases pneumococcal disease can be life-threatening or result in long-term problems, like brain damage, hearing loss, or loss of arms or legs.

Vaccine for Protection
Adults 65 years or older need one dose of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine followed by one dose of the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Adults younger than 65 years who have certain chronic health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, or who smoke should also get pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Adults younger than 65 years with weakened immune system, HIV, or asplenia should get the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine plus the polysaccharide vaccine.

See the Pneumococcal Immunization page for more information.

What it is
Rubella is a viral disease that causes fever and rash.

How it can affect you
Rubella usually causes a mild illness with fever, swollen glands, and a rash that lasts about 3 days. In some cases, it can lead to encephalitis (brain infection) in adults. If a pregnant woman is infected with rubella, it can result in miscarriage or serious birth defects such as mental retardation, heart defects, and loss of hearing and eye sight.

Vaccine for Protection
MMR

See the Rubella (German Measles) Immunization page for more information.

What it is
Shingles is a painful skin rash that is caused by the varicella zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox.

How it can affect you
Shingles causes a painful rash on one side of the face or body, which blisters and then typically scabs over in 7-10 days and clears up within 2-4 weeks. Other symptoms of shingles can include fever, headache, chills, and upset stomach. Shingles can affect the eye and cause loss of vision.

Vaccine for Protection
Zoster

See the Shingles (Herpes Zoster) Immunization page for more information.

What it is
Tetanus is a serious bacterial disease that causes painful tightening of muscles. You can get this from a cut or wound, even a needle prick.

How it can affect you
The bacteria causing Tetanus produce a toxin (poison) in the body that causes serious, painful spasms and stiffness of all muscles in the body. This can lead to “locking” of the jaw so a person cannot open his or her mouth, swallow, or breathe. Three out of ten people who get tetanus die from the disease.

Vaccine for Protection
Tdap, Td

See the Tetanus (Lockjaw) Immunization page for more information.

What it is
Whooping cough is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection caused by bacteria. Since the 1980s, there has been an increase in the number of reported cases of pertussis in the United States. Babies too young to get immunized are most at risk of severe illness.

How it can affect you
Whooping cough can cause prolonged cold symptoms, leading to spells of violent coughing and choking, making it hard to breathe, drink, or eat. This cough can last for weeks. Whooping cough is most severe for babies, leading to hospitalization and sometimes death. Babies often get the disease from a parent, caregiver, or relative.

Vaccine for Protection
Tdap

See the Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Immunization page for more information.

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