Prediabetes

Prediabetes is when your blood sugar (glucose) levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. The good news is that prediabetes is reversible!

About Prediabetes in Idaho

Of the Idaho adults who reported they have prediabetes in 2019, 57% reported they also have high cholesterol and 60% reported they have high blood pressure.

BY THE NUMBERS
1 in 3
American adults have prediabetes
90%
Of adults living with prediabetes don't know they have it
Senior Couple Walking Dog Along Suburban Street
Prevent diabetes
What are the risk factors for prediabetes?

Ask your healthcare provider about getting a simple blood test if you have any of these risk factors:

  • Have an unhealthy weight (have overweight or obesity; BMI of 25 or higher)
  • Are 45 years or older
  • Have a family history of type 2 diabetes
  • Are physically active less than 3 times a week
  • Have a previous diagnosis of gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby more than 9 pounds
  • Have polycystic ovary syndrome

Everyone between the ages 35-70 who have overweight or obesity should be screened for prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes.

Prediabetes Risk Assessment
Find out if you are at risk for prediabetes or type 2 diabetes

Prediabetes FAQs

What do the results of an A1c blood test mean?

An A1c blood test can help identify prediabetes, which raises your risk for diabetes. 

Result A1c
Normal Less than 5.7%
Prediabetes 5.7% - 6.4%
Diabetes 6.5% or more

 

What are the symptoms of prediabetes?

There are no clear symptoms of prediabetes. Prediabetes may go undetected until type 2 diabetes develops.

What are the complications of prediabetes?

If health behavior changes are not made to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes, you could develop type 2 diabetes within five years.

What can decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes?

Get physically active, maintain a healthy weight, and quit smoking. People with prediabetes who lose 5-7% of their weight and add 150 minutes of weekly exercise cut their risk of developing type 2 diabetes in half. You can also enroll in a National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP), a lifestyle change program that gives you the support you need to make lasting health behavior changes!

Prevention

The National DPP is a lifestyle change program that helps you make lasting changes proven to cut your risk of developing type 2 diabetes in half. It includes a CDC-approved curriculum, a lifestyle coach, and a support group of people with similar goals and challenges.

Get referred to the program by your healthcare provider or call a program for more details.

Low glycemic healthy foods and glucose monitor
National Diabetes Prevention Program

Prediabetes resources

EXTERNAL RESOURCES
The American Diabetes Association is a nonprofit that seeks to educate the public about diabetes and to help those affected.
EXTERNAL RESOURCES
Host Joan Lunden and CDC’s Dr. Ann Albright share insights on prediabetes, risk factors, managing diabetes, preventing or delaying type 2 diabetes, and more.
EXTERNAL RESOURCES
Watch Laura's success story with a National Diabetes Prevention Program.