Promoting and protecting the health and safety of all Idahoans

Zoonotic Disease

Avian Influenza 


Echinococcus (Tapeworm) 


West Nile Virus 

Food Safety

Waterborne Illness

Hunting, preparation and consumption of wild game may pose the risk of exposure to some infectious diseases. You should consider consulting your medical care provider if you are concerned that you have been exposed to a disease or are showing symptoms of illness. If there are any concerns that your hunting dogs or any other companion animals may have contracted a disease, please contact a veterinarian.

ZOONOTIC DISEASES: Diseases that are considered zoonotic are those shared between animals and people. Animals may spread disease, even while appearing healthy. 
American Veterinary Medical Association:
The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has created a general guide describing diseases that you and/or your hunting dogs may get while engaging in outdoor activities.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
      The CDC provides information on many diseases including zoonotic diseases.
SELECTED ZOONOTIC DISEASES: The following diseases may be encountered while you are hunting, harvesting or processing wild game. This is not meant to be an exhaustive list.

    Some wild birds may carry the influenza virus, including
    some virus strains that can cause serious disease in humans. 
    Click on "Resources" for links providing information on avian
    influenza and how to protect against infection. 

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    Brucellosis is primarily a disease acquired from unpasteurized 
dairy products, but may also arise from direct contact with
    infected animals, their carcasses or secretions (including birthing
    fluids). The bacteria can cause infections through cuts, by
    inhalation, through contact with mucous membranes, or by 
    ingestion. Click on "Resources" for links providing information on
    brucellosis and how to protect against infection.

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    Echinococcus is a small tapeworm found in nature in cycles
    between carnivores (such as wolf, coyote, fox, domestic dog) and
    herbivores (such as elk, deer, mountain goat, sheep). Humans 
    may become infected with the parasite if echinococcus eggs,
    found in the feces of the carnivore, are ingested either by the direct
    hand-to-mouth route or incidentally by the consumption of contaminated
    food or water. Click on "Resources" for links providing information
    on echinococcus and how to protect against infection.

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    Rabies, a potentially fatal viral infection, is detected in bats
    and rarely in other animals in Idaho every year. Humans and 
    animals may be at risk for infection. Click on "Resources" for 
    links providing information on rabies and how to protect
    against infection.

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    West Nile virus, a mosquito-borne virus, may affect mammals, 
    birds and humans. Click on "Resources" for links providing
    information on West Nile virus and how to protect people and
    pets against infection.

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    Familiarity with food safety procedures can help prevent
    infection during all stages of preparation, from field dressing
    wild game to cooking and storage. Click on "Resources" for 
    information on the safe preparation of food. 

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    Drinking from unclean water sources, such as lakes and
    streams or unfiltered water may lead to illness. Click on 
    "Resources" for links providing information on waterborne
    illness and how to protect against infection. 

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